By Julie Moore
There’s been a lot of conversation lately around how to fund long-term clean water efforts in Vermont. Having personally worked on waterway clean-up in Vermont for 15 years, I am deeply aware of the long-term nature of the challenges we’re facing. We are a small state with a big task ahead of us and while this work is not insurmountable, finding solutions that have broad-based support won’t always be easy. There is one piece of this puzzle that just makes sense: TDI’s New England Clean Power Link project.
The Clean Power Link project would bring 1,000 MW of clean, renewable hydroelectric power from Northern Quebec to Massachusetts. The line would pass through Vermont via an entirely-underground 154-mile transmission line. Among other benefits, this project would provide $6 million annually to fund water quality improvement projects in Vermont for the next 40 years.
In total, the Clean Power Link would invest $240 million in Vermont’s Clean Water Fund to help restore Vermont’s waterways. The commitment includes $6 million annually to investment in agricultural stewardship and stormwater management practices to better handle runoff from our homes, businesses, roads and parking lots when it rains. There will also be an additional $1.5 million each year going into a newly formed trust fund called the Lake Champlain Enhancement and Restoration Fund. This trust fund will provide habitat restoration and recreational opportunities in the Lake Champlain watershed.
The money from the Clean Power Link project would make visible water quality improvements to the Lake Champlain watershed over the next 40 years. Better still, the project would have almost no impact on the visual or cultural character of Vermont’s landscapes and communities. When we picture transmission lines, naturally we picture large towers and cleared strips negatively impacting Vermont’s natural beauty and downtown centers, but that’s not what’s planned and permitted here. The Clean Power Link project will be buried entirely underground and underwater. The transmission line will run for a total of 154 miles stretching from Quebec to Ludlow where a large converter station will be built.
Ninety-seven miles of line will be buried beneath Lake Champlain and 57 miles will be buried underground. The entire length of the transmission line will utilize existing public rights of way. This project has passed a series of strenuous environmental reviews and has been fully permitted and approved at the local, state, and federal levels.
Beyond providing $240 million in clean water funding, this project will supply $110 million for renewable energy projects. This money will go directly to Vermont’s Clean Energy Development Fund over the 40-year life of the project, advancing renewable generation statewide. There are also notable benefits throughout New England. Greater use of clean power translates to clearer skies and cleaner air, helping to advance regional climate goals and decrease global greenhouse gas emissions.
The Clean Power Link project is very close to becoming a reality. Construction on the project could begin as soon as next year, with the goal of transmitting power by 2019. This project would provide economic and environmental benefits to Vermont and the region.
This project represents a critical funding mechanism to help Vermont secure consistent, lasting revenue to restore water quality and it is an ambitious step forward to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The Clean Power Link project embodies the kind of creative approach that we need to continue to pursue as we work toward identifying long-term solutions to fund clean water initiatives in our state.
Julie Moore is the Secretary of the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources.